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Clivus Multrum, Inc.   Inside this issue:
A Sweeter Golfing Experience
The Living Building, Eliminating Waste
Tradeshows/Conferences March 22 , 2011 | Vol. 5, Issue 1

National Association of State Park Directors Conference, Custer State Park, SD

September 6-9, 2011

Come visit us and discuss how your parks can benefit from composting toilets.

USGBC Conference & Expo Toronto, ON

October 4-7, 2011

Stop by our booth to check out our 6 oz Foam-flush toilet fixture and learn about how composting toilets and greywater technology can help prevent pollution and save water on your next project.


World Water Day Facts

March 22 was World Water Day

According to the US State Department each year 1.5 million people die because they don't have access to clean water and sanitation. Furthermore, in the next 20 years world demand for fresh water will outpace supply by 40%.


Clivus Multrum on GSA

We've signed a contract with the General Services Administration to sell our M54 Trailhead series at a discounted rate to customers in the federal government. Visit us at to see how easy it is!

Clivus Multrum on GSA Advantage

Also of Interest

Composting Toilets are in the News!

Construction Canada published an article in their March issue about the history, science and sustainability of composting toilets written by Clivus Multrum’s own Don Mills & Amy Galvin.

The USGA Green Section Record featured the Clivus Multrum M54 Trailheads at New Jersey National and Anglebrook Golf Club in an article about the convenience & sustainability of composting toilets on golf courses.

Clivus Multrum Customers are Always Getting Noticed

The Washington Post revisited the Phillip Merrill Environmental Center 10 years after it was certified by USGBC as the first LEED Platinum building. In reference to the Clivus Multrum composting toilets the article says, “The latrines get all the glory, the eye-popping oohs and aahs.”

Construction Building Products News covered the Tyson Living Learning Center, feature of this newsletter. Since achieving Living Building Certification this project has gotten noticed.

Natural Disasters Bring Water Troubles

Since the earthquake in Christchurch in late February city sewers have been in a state of disrepair. Seventeen thousand chemical and eighteen hundred portable toilets are currently serving as sanitation in some neighborhoods. The New Brighton neighborhood recently hosted a class about making composting toilets as an alternative.

In the wake of Japan's earthquake and tsunami 2.4 million people are without access to water. Hundreds of thousands of people are crowded into emergency shelters where the only available sanitation is portable toilets.


Maintenance Services

Did you know that Clivus can arrange to provide your facility with composting system maintenance services? Clivus offers a variety of maintenance options to meet your needs. No matter where your facility is located, we’ll come to you or work with local subcontractors to ensure that the job is done right. Call us at 800-425-4887 for more information.

Greetings from Clivus Multrum!

In this issue of the Natural Solution News we cover two very different Clivus Multrum installations. M54 Trailheads enhance the experience at Hershey Links Golf Course in central Pennsylvania and composting toilet and greywater systems help to achieve one of the first Living Building certifications at Washington University in Saint Louis.


A Sweeter Golfing Experience

Clivus Multrum Trailhead with custom finish at Hershey Links Golf Club, Hummelstown, PA
The on-course restroom at Hershey Links is a kit built structure with composting system and Foam-flush toilet fixture.

In the rolling hills of central Pennsylvania, Hershey Links offers a challenging and beautiful 18 holes of golf within sight of the city of Hershey. Part of the Hershey Golf Collection and owned by the Hershey Trust Company, Hershey Links opened in 2005.

In the Spring of 2010, two Clivus Multrum M54 Trailhead systems were installed to replace portable toilets on the course.

Course management wanted to provide a more comfortable experience for golfers while providing more privacy and enhancing the golfing experience at Hershey Links. According to course Superintendent, Matt Malick, they had considered a block built restroom but bringing water and sewer to the site would have been difficult.

Instead they opted for the Clivus Multrum M54 Trailhead system single-stall kit. The systems are also available in prefabricated form and as two-stall units. Composting toilet systems with Foam-flush toilets allowed Hershey Links the enhanced comfort they were looking for without the added disturbance of running sewer and water over the grounds.

For any golfer familiar with portable toilets the Trailhead system with Foam-flush fixture is indeed an enhanced experience.

Installation and assembly were simple and took one day for each unit. Clivus Multrum staff was on site to assist with the first unit. The only site disturbance was a four foot-deep hole for the composting unit. The lightweight, foam-core panel restroom structure was assembled on top of the compost unit. The M54 is available in a variety of finishes. Hershey links decided to provide their own finishes to duplicate the feel of other structures on the course.

For any golfer familiar with portable toilets the Trailhead system with Foam-flush fixture is indeed an enhanced experience. The five by eight foot interior is a comfortable space. The Foam-flush fixture is nothing like the offense golfers have come to expect with portable toilets. A fan continuously pulls air down the four-inch opening, making the toilet room completely odorless. The Foam-flush, which has the look and feel of a conventional toilet, uses just six ounces of water per visit. Water for the toilet comes from the course’s irrigation system so there was no additional site disturbance. With these advantages, the Foam-flush has become the standard fixture for golf course use of the Clivus Multrum M54.

Compost system maintenance for the new restrooms is being performed by Clivus. This entails start-up, mid-season, and shut-down visits by a trained, local service provider, working under Clivus supervision. All the course staff has to do is keep the restroom clean for golfers.

"To this point I have been happy with the performance of the Clivus Multrum units, and feel they were a good fit for our operation at Hershey Links” says Malick. Clivus Multrum has installed composting toilets on golf courses all across North America. As more and more golfers press for clean, odorless, on-course restrooms, the trend will continue.

The Living Building, Eliminating Waste

Tyson Living Learning Center at WUSTL
Tyson Living Learning Center the first Living Building uses composting toilet and greywater systems to eliminate water waste

The International Living Building Institute (ILBI) certified its first two buildings in October 2010. Washington University’s Tyson Living Learning Center, 25 miles west of the St. Louis Campus, was one of those buildings, established, according to ILBI, as a step along “a visionary path to a restorative future.”

The Tyson Research Center’s LLC is a 2,900 sq. ft. field station and multi-use classroom which combines indoor and outdoor research and education in environmental science.

Recognizing sustainability as one of the biggest challenges of the 21st Century, the University and Tyson wanted to put their positions as community leaders and innovators to work in creating the greenest possible building. To that end, Dan Hellmuth of Hellmuth + Bicknese Architects recommended the Living Building Challenge (LBC) which offered a very lofty goal: eliminating the concept of waste.

Having successfully eliminated waste by turning human excreta into valuable fertilizer the composting toilet and greywater systems at Tyson have been well received.

The LBC has twenty imperatives in categories called Petals: Site, Water, Energy, Health, Materials, Equity and Beauty. All imperatives are mandatory and certification is based on real data; therefore the assessment did not take place until the building had been open for a year.

The Water Petal, one of the most difficult, requires that all water be collected on site and after use must be reused or sustainably released on site. The imperatives are respectively called Net-Zero and Ecological Water Flow

For Net-Zero, rainwater is treated for use at sinks. Clivus Multrum’s waterless composting toilet system greatly reduces the demand for water by eliminating water for toilet flushing. It converts the nutrients in human waste into safe and valuable fertilizer thus contributing to Ecological Water Flow. Waterless toilets save forty-thousand gallons of water annually when compared to conventional 1.6 gallon per flush toilets.

Clivus waterless toilet
Waterless toilets at Tyson eliminate 40,000 gallons of water for flushing annually

A mid-sized composter is located in the basement utility room directly below the bathrooms. Gravity carries waste from the toilet to the composting tank. Inside the tank composting is similar to the naturally occurring process on a forest floor. Liquid and solid materials are separated by gravity. As urine passes through the compost mass, it is transformed by bacteria into a stable, nitrate-rich solution. For every twenty uses, approximately one gallon of liquid is generated. It is automatically pumped from the compost unit and stored in a separate tank for periodic use as an on-site landscape fertilizer. Feces are transformed by bacteria, fungus, and red-wiggler worms. Wood shavings are added during periodic maintenance to achieve the optimal texture for composting. After several years solid end-product will be removed. Similar chemically, biologically and aesthetically to topsoil, it will serve as a soil conditioner on-site. As these processes are underway, a fan continuously pulls air down the toilet fixtures, ensuring an odorless restroom.

Water from all sinks collects in a tank of fifty gallons located in the utility room. When about 35 gallons has been collected, a pump sends it to an 18’x9’ planting bed where three 12” half pipes have been placed in the root zone of buttonbush plants. Aerobic activity in the soil stabilizes the organic contents, and native plants utilize both water and nutrients from soap contained in the water. There is no filtration before water is sent to the soil, and because greywater is relatively warm, the system doesn’t freeze in winter.

Clivus Multrum composting toilet system
The composting tank at Tyson allows excreta to be transformed into valuable soil amendments

The Clivus systems even contribute to both Beauty Petal imperatives. Tours of the facility, which contribute to Inspiration & Education imperative, have been frequent and the composting toilet system is a popular element. According to Kevin Smith, Associate Director at Tyson, visitors are surprised at how clean and odor-free the composting toilets are and fascinated by the behind-the-scenes composting process. Clivus end-products and greywater garden contribute to the Beauty & Spirit imperative by enhancing the landscape.

Having successfully eliminated waste by turning human excreta into valuable fertilizer the composting toilet and greywater systems at Tyson have been well received. Smith recommends them often and even appeared on NPR’s Science Friday to give a tour. As Tyson plans for further upgrades and expansion they are considering including Clivus Multrum composting and greywater systems wherever they are relevant.